Hepatoprotective Activity of Plantago Lanceolata Aqueous Extract on Albino Female Mice
This study gives an overview of the widely distributed herb plantain Plantago lanceolata and aqueous extraction of the plant, by study the effect of Plantago lanceolata aqueous extract on the hepatoprotective activity in albino female mice through measuring the three main liver enzymes aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) with the histological effect of extract on liver. Mice were separated into eight groups treated intraperitonially for seven days: (1) control, (2) CCl4 (0.02%), (3) aqueous extract (250 mg/kg), (4) aqueous extract (500 mg/kg), (5) CCl4 (0.02%) plus aqueous extract (250 mg/kg), (6) CCl4 (0.02%) plus aqueous extract (500 mg/kg),(7) aqueous extract (250 mg/kg) plus CCl4 (0.02%), and (8) aqueous extract (500 mg/kg) plus CCl4 (0.02%). Mice were killed, then the liver were histopathological examined and the serum levels of (AST), (ALT) and (ALP) tested.
The results of histopathology indicated that CCl4 cause severe damage to the mouse liver tissues, however, the protective effects of aqueous extract on liver were observed when CCl4 combined with it. The analysis of the serum indicated a significant increase in the values of AST, ALT and ALP in mice treated with CCl4 and pre and post treatment of the animals with the CCl4.