Effect Drenching Elderberry Flower Extract with Different Proportion to Reduce the Effect of Heat Stress in Hot Summer and Enhance Levels of Physiological and Productive Performance Parameter in Layining Hens

  • Suhad Hassan Irhayym AL-Shammary AL-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University/ Technical College of AL-Mussaib / Department of Animal Production Technology
Keywords: drenching elderberry Flower extract, Laying hens, hot summer, heat stress condition, physiological parameter, antioxidant enzymes, productive performance


This experiment was conducted at the private field of laying hens In Babylon governorate in Iraq during summer from the period of 1/6 /2020 – 1/9/2020 to investigate the effect of dietary supplement with elderberry flower extract on some blood parameters , antioxidant enzymes and feed consumption ,egg weight and egg production .The aim of this study was investigate the effect of dietary supplementation by drenching elderberry flower extract with different levels on hens in summer season with high level of heat degree with heat stress on blood hematology , antioxidant enzymes and productive performance .sixty laying hens in age 32 week in weight 1800 gm divided randomly in to three group each group has (20)laying hens the first group (T)control group ,second group (T1) hens administered 5% of Elderberry flower extract orally .Third group (T2) hens administered 10% Elderberry flower extract orally . The results of the experiment showed that the groups of lying hens who gave elderberry flowers extract orally led to significant increase p<0.05in blood haematology ,Albumin ,Total protein ,HDL ,calesium .it was significant in antioxidant Enzymes GSH-PX ,CAT , S.O.D ,M.D.A and it was significant in production Traits such as egg productive rat ,egg weight compared with control group and there was decrease in significant in cholesterol ,LDL ,Triglycirid ,Glucose ,and feed consumption rate .it was concluded that oral administration of elderberry flowers extract 10%to heat stress lying hens in heat stress condition improved the blood hematology ,antioxidant Enzymes and production performance of these bird .


Mujahid ,A.; Pumford ,N.R.; Battje ,W.; Nakagawa ,K.; Miyazawa ,T .; Akiba ,Y .and Toyomizy ,M.(2007).Mitochonderial oxidative damage in chicken skeletal muscle induced by acute heat stress .Jpn.pout. Sci. , 44:439-445

Sahin,K.; Orhan,C.; Tuzcu,M; Ali,S.; Sahin,N.; and Hoyirli,A. (2010). Epigallocatechin-3-gallate prevent lipid peroxidation and enhances antioxidant defense system via modulating hepatic nuclear transcription factors in heat stress quails .Poult Sci.89:2251.

Vlachojannis , J.E.; Cameron ,M.and chrubasik ,S.(2010)Asystemic review onhte sambuci frutus effect and efficacyprofiles.phytother .Res.,24:1-8 .

Andrzej , S.; Anna.G.M.(2015).Advanced research on the antioxidant and health benefit of elderberry (sambucus nigra ) in food – a review . Functional food J.Vol:18:941-958 .

Heim ,K .E. ; Tagliaferro , A.R.; Bobilya ,D.J.(2002).Flavonoid antioxidant :chemistry ,metabolism and structure activity relationships .J.Nutr.Biochem.13:572-584.

National Research council(N.A.R.)1994 . Nutrient requirement of poultry 9threvisited National academy press .Wshington D.C.,U.S.A.

SPSS for widows 11.5 (2002)

Akbulut,M.; Ericisli,S.and Tosum,M.(2009).Phsico-chemical characteristic of some wild grown European elderberry (sambucus nigra L.) genotypes .pharmacology Magazine 5:20,320-323.

Kislichenko,V.S.and Vel,ma ,V.V.(2006).Amino-acid composition of flowers leaves and extract of sambucus nigra fiowers .Chemistry of Natural compound ,42(1),125-126 .

Nicholas,F.; G Regory,N.; Sang,G.; Ockk,C.and Christopher ,N.B. (2015).Anthocyanin rich black elderberry extract improves markers of HDL function and reduces aortic cholesterol in hyper lipidemic mice .Food &Function Ju.issue ,4.

Ciocoiu,M.; Miron,A.; Mares,L.; Tutuna,d.; pohaci,C.; Groza,M. and Badescu ,M.(2009).The effects of sambucus nigra polyphenols on oxidative stress and metabolic disorders in experimental diabetes mellitus .J.Physiol.Biochem. 65:297-304.

Maja,M.P.; Justyna ,S.; Klemen,E.; Franci,S and Robert ,V. (2015). Traditional Elderflower Beverages: A Rich Source of Phenolic Compounds with High Antioxidant Activity . Agric. Food Chem . 63, 5, 1477–1487 .

Agnieszka,V.and Marek ,W.(2017).The phenolic contents and antioxidant activity of infusions of sambucus nigra-L .Plant food Hum.Nutr.72(1):82-87.

Giang , T.T.; Helle, W.and Hilde, B.(2017).Elderberry and Elderrflower extract ,phenolic compounds and metabolites and their effect on complement RAW264.7 Macrophages and dendritic cells .Int.J.Mol.Sci.18:584.

Stoilova ,L.; Wiker,M.; Stoyanova,A.; Krastanov,A.and Stanchev,V. (2007).Antioxident activity of extract from elderflower (sambucus nigra-L.). Herba polonica ,53,45-54.

Peerapatdit,T.; Patchanans ,N.; likidlilid,A.; Poldee,S.and Sriratana,s.c. (2006).lipid per oxidation and antioxidant nutrition in type 2 diabitic patients .J.Med.Assoc.Thai.89:S 145-155.

Niedernhofer,L.J.; Danials ,J.S.and Rouzer,C.A.(2003).Malondialdihyede ,product of lipid per oxidation ,is mutagenic in human cell. J.Biochem. 278 : (33) .

Nagami,H.; Yoshimoto,N.; Umakoshi,H.; Shimanou,T.and kuboi,R.(2005). Liposome-assisted activity of superoxide dismutase under oxidative stress .Biosci.J.Bioeng .J .99,423-428 .

Kumerova ,A.; Lece ,A.; Skester ,A.; Silova ,A.and Petuhovs ,V.(1998). Anemia and antioxidant defence of the red blood cells .Mater, Med. Pol.J.Med pharm .30,12-15.

Yang, L.; Tan, G.Y.; Fu, Y.Q.; Feng, J.H.; Zhang, M.H.( 2010)Effects of acute heat stress and subsequent stress removal on function of hepatic mitochondrial respiration, ROS production and lipid peroxidation in broiler chickens. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 151, 204–208.

Dai,S.F.; Wang ,L.K.; Wen,A.Y.; Wana ,L.X.and Jin,G.M.(2009).Dietary glutamine supplementation improves growth performance ,meat quality and colour stability of broilers under heat stress .Br.Poult.Sci.50,333-340 .

Torki ,M.; Zangeneh ,S.; Habibian ,M.(2014).Performance ,egg quality traits and serum metabolite concentrations of layining hens affected by dietary supplemental chromium picolinate and vitamin Cunder heat stress condition . Biol .Trace Elm.Res . 157,120-129 .

He,S.J.; Zhao,S.J.; Dai,S.F.; Liu,D.Y.and Bokhari ,S.G.(2015).Effect of dietary betaine on growth performance , fat deposition and serum lipis in broilersa subjected to chronic heat stress . Anim .Sci. J . 86,897-903.

Ruizhi ,H.; Yujia,H.; Muhammed,A.A.; Shusong,W.and Jianhua,H. (2019).Review poly phenols as potential attenuators of heat stress in poultry production .Antioxidant Journal 8,67.

How to Cite
AL-Shammary, S. H. I. (2023). Effect Drenching Elderberry Flower Extract with Different Proportion to Reduce the Effect of Heat Stress in Hot Summer and Enhance Levels of Physiological and Productive Performance Parameter in Layining Hens. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 24(1), 01 - 06. Retrieved from https://veterinaria.org/index.php/REDVET/article/view/294