Evaluation of Nutrient Content and Quality of Commercial Dog Foods

  • Mukesh Kumar Yadav Assistant Professor, School of Agricultural Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Rekha MM Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, School of Sciences, JAIN (Deemed-to-be University), Karnataka, India
  • Jasmine Islam Assistant Professor, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Assam down Town University, Guwahati, Assam, India
Keywords: Nigeria, dog nutrition, nutrition, macrominerals, microminerels


To ensure that your dog eats a diet that is both balanced and nutrient-dense, it is imperative to assess the nutritional value and quality of commercial dog foods. In Ibadan, the most often purchased commercial dry dog foods were examined for their nutritional and calorie content. On the labels of most feeds, no particular nutritional content values are listed. The findings comparison of the feeds' proximal analyses to the denoted levels of essential nutrients in the National dry dog food brand produced in the United States of America (USA). The amount of protein and calories in the dog food was appropriate; however, the levels of the majority of the Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn), and Selenium (Se), four micronutrients, were noticeably lower, as well as the amounts of fat and fiber. Among the dog food brands examined, there were wide variances in the pieces of several components. The pet food business is being pushed for stricter standards. Still, research on these foods' digestibility and growth will be required to generate baseline data on the nutritional makeup of dog diets sold in the nation.


Baker, C., 2023. Humane dog food? caring and killing in the certified humane dog food value chain. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, p.25148486231165457.

Fenster, K., Freeburg, B., Hollard, C., Wong, C., Rønhave Laursen, R. and Ouwehand, A.C., 2019. The production and delivery of probiotics: A review of a practical approach. Microorganisms, 7(3), p.83.

Sizer, F. and Whitney, E., 2022. Nutrition: concepts & controversies. Cengage Learning.

Xypolitaki, K.E., 2023. Alternative sources of protein: Expansion of the Hellenic Branded Food Composition Database HelTH with plant-based imitation products on the Greek market and the assessment of their nutritional quality.

Żuk-Gołaszewska, K., Gałęcki, R., Obremski, K., Smetana, S., Figiel, S. and Gołaszewski, J., 2022. Edible Insect Farming in the EU Regulations and Marketing Context—An Overview. Insects, 13(5), p.446.

Kazimierska, K., Biel, W., Witkowicz, R., Karakulska, J. and Stachurska, X., 2021. Evaluation of nutritional value and microbiological safety in commercial dog food. Veterinary Research Communications, 45(2-3), pp.111-128.

Zafalon, R.V.A., Risolia, L.W., Vendramini, T.H.A., Ayres Rodrigues, R.B., Pedrinelli, V., Teixeira, F.A., Rentas, M.F., Perini, M.P., Alvarenga, I.C. and Brunetto, M.A., 2020. Nutritional needs to be improved in commercial vegan foods for dogs and cats. PLoS One, 15(1), p.e0227046.

Andrade, T., Lima, D.C., Domingues, L.P., Félix, A.P., de Oliveira, S.G. and Maiorka, A., 2019. Spray-dried porcine plasma in dog foods: implications on digestibility, palatability, and hematology. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 40(3), pp.1287-1296.

Vanelli, K., de Oliveira, A.C.F., Sotomaior, C.S., Weber, S.H. and Costa, L.B., 2021. Soybean meal and poultry offal meal effects on digestibility of adult dogs diets: Systematic review. Plos one, 16(5), p.e0249321.

Tanprasertsuk, J., Perry, L.M., Tate, D.E., Honaker, R.W. and Shmalberg, J., 2021. Apparent total tract nutrient digestibility and metabolizable energy estimation in commercial fresh and extruded dry kibble dog foods. Translational Animal Science, 5(3), p.txab071.

Carrión, P.A., 2023. Pet food. In Food safety management (pp. 363-384). Academic Press.

Pereira, A.M., Maia, M.R., Fonseca, A.J.M. and Cabrita, A.R.J., 2021. Zinc in dog nutrition, health, and disease: a review. Animals, 11(4), p.978.

Van Rooijen, C., Bosch, G., van der Poel, A.F., Wierenga, P.A., Alexander, L. and Hendriks, W.H., 2015. Effect of extrusion conditions on the Maillard reaction and in vitro digestibility in two dry dog foods. Maillard reaction products in pet foods, p.101.

Schlieck, T.M.M., Petrolli, T.G., Bissacotti, B.F., Copetti, P.M., Bottari, N.B., Morsch, V.M. and da Silva, A.S., 2021. Addition of a blend of essential oils (cloves, rosemary, and oregano) and vitamin E to replace conventional chemical antioxidants in dog feed: Effects on food quality and health of beagles. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 75(5), pp.389-403.

Oba, P.M. and Swanson, K.S., 2019. PSIII-24 True nutrient and amino acid digestibility of commercial pork-based extruded dog foods using the precision-fed selectorized rooster assay. Journal of Animal Science, 97(Supplement_3), pp.275-275.

Richards, T.L., Rankovic, A., Cant, J.P., Shoveller, A.K., Adolphe, J.L., Ramdath, D. and Verbrugghe, A., 2021. Effect of Total Starch and Resistant Starch in Commercial Extruded Dog Foods on Gastric Emptying in Siberian Huskies. Animals, 11(10), p.2928.

Roberts, L.J., Oba, P.M., Utterback, P.L., Parsons, C.M. and Swanson, K.S., 2023. Amino acid digestibility and nitrogen-corrected true metabolizable energy of mildly cooked human-grade vegan dog foods using the precision-fed selectorized and conventional rooster assays. Translational Animal Science, 7(1), p.txad020.

Vecchiato, C.G., Schwaiger, K., Biagi, G. and Dobenecker, B., 2022. From Nutritional Adequacy to Hygiene Quality: A Detailed Assessment of Commercial Raw Pet-Food for Dogs and Cats. Animals, 12(18), p.2395.

Martínez-Martínez, L., Valdivia-Flores, A.G., Guerrero-Barrera, A.L., Quezada-Tristán, T., Rangel-Muñoz, E.J. and Ortiz-Martínez, R., 2021. Toxic Effect of Aflatoxins in dogs fed contaminated commercial dry feed: a review—toxins, 13(1), p.65.

Kara, K., 2021. Effect of stocking conditions on fatty acid composition and oxidation capacities of different classes and types of dog food. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 20(1), pp.1042-1053.

How to Cite
Mukesh Kumar Yadav, Rekha MM, & Jasmine Islam. (2023). Evaluation of Nutrient Content and Quality of Commercial Dog Foods. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 24(2), 501 - 510. Retrieved from https://veterinaria.org/index.php/REDVET/article/view/364