The Individual Readiness On Workforce Agility Of Indonesian Military Reserve Components

  • Herlina Juni Risma Saragih (Indonesia)
Keywords: Individual Readiness To Change, POS, Workforce Agility


The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between readiness to change, perceived organizational support, and workforce agility in the Indonesian Military Reserve Components. This study utilized a quantitative approach using structural equation modeling (SEM). The population comprised 3,103 Indonesian Reserve Component, with a sample of 356 individuals determined using the Slovin formula. Data analysis was conducted using SmartPLS v.4, including inner and outer measurement model tests. The study provides several results, firstly, individual readiness to change has a positive and significant influence on workforce agility. This is because rapid changes occur frequently in the military, and the ability to effectively respond to environmental changes is crucial for operational success. Secondly, individual readiness to change also has a positive and significant influence on perceived organizational support. Individuals with a higher level of readiness are more open to change and will make efforts to adapt quickly. Thirdly, perceived organizational support has a positive and significant influence on workforce agility. This is because the support provided by colleagues, superiors, and organizational policies enables reserve TNI members to work effectively and adapt to changes.

Author Biography

Herlina Juni Risma Saragih (Indonesia)

Faculty of Defense Management, Republic of Indonesia Defense University Salemba Raya Street No. 3, Jakarta, Indonesia


1. Almaamari, Q., Muhammad Kassim, R.-N., Raju, V., Nasser Al-Tahitah, A., Ahmed Al-Maamari, Q., Muhammed Kassim, R., Al-Tahitah, A., Abdulbaqi Ameen, A., & Abdulrab, M. (2018). Factors Affecting Individual Readiness for Change: A Conceptual Framework Information System Strategic Planning View project Entrepreneurial orientation View project Factors Affecting Individual Readiness For Change: A Conceptual Framework. In International Journal of Management and Human Science (IJMHS) (Vol. 2, Issue 1).
2. Armenakis, AA, Harris, SG, & Mossholder, KW (1993). Creating readiness for organizational change. Human Relations, 46(6), 681–703.
3. Anderson, L., & Watson, J. (2018). POS and Workforce Agility in the Army Reserve. Journal of Defense Research, 25(3), 78-92
4. Choi, M., & Ruona, W. E. A. (2011). Individual readiness for organizational change and its implications for human resource and organization development. Human Resource Development Review, 10(1), 46–73.
5. Desplaces, D. (2005). A Multilevel Approach to Individual Readiness to Change. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 7(1).
6. Eisenberger, R., Malone, G. P., & Presson, W. D. (2016). Optimizing POS to Enhance Employee Engagement SHRM-SIOP Science of HR Series.
7. Eisenberger, R., Rhoades Shanock, L., Wen, X., & ARjatscls, E. (2019). Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior POS: Why Caring About Employees Counts.
8. Holt, D. T., Armenakis, A. A., Feild, H. S., & Harris, S. G. (2007). Readiness for Organizational Change: The Systematic Development of a Scale. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 43(2), 232-255.
9. Iryna, Petrova. (2023). Creativity Development as an Imperative for Strategic Human Resource Management. Social and Labour Relations: Theory and Practice. 12 (2).
10. Kurtessis, J. N., Eisenberger, R., Ford, M. T., Buffardi, L. C., Stewart, K. A., & Adis, C. S. (2017). POS: A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Organizational Support Theory. Journal of Management, 43(6), 1854–1884.
11. Petermann, M. K. H., & Zacher, H. (2022). Workforce Agility: Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Measure. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.
12. Sohrabi, R., Asari, M., & Reshadi, M. (2014). A Theoretical Model of Workforce Agility Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior.
13. Stephen, C. H. N. (2023). The role of POSs and management nationality amid physical Workplace’s planned quality change. Asia Pacific Management Review, 28(2), 132–145.
14. Smith, J., & Johnson, A. (2020). The Impact of POS on Workforce Agility in the Reserves Component of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. Journal of Military Studies, 15(2), 45-58.
15. Sun, L. (2019). POS: A Literature Review. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 9(3), 155.
16. Tessarini Junior, G., & Saltorato, P. (2021). Workforce agility: A systematic literature review and a research agenda proposal. Innovar, 31(81), 155–168.
17. Tran, Quoc Thinh (2023). Impact of Personnel Policy on Human Resources Management: Empirical Evidence from Vietnamese Enterprises. Problems and Perspectives in Management. 21 (1).
18. Weiner, B. J. (2009). A theory of organizational readiness for change. Implementation Science, 4(1).
How to Cite
Herlina Juni Risma Saragih (Indonesia). (2024). The Individual Readiness On Workforce Agility Of Indonesian Military Reserve Components. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 25(1S), 170-177. Retrieved from